Korean grammar TOPIK 1-6:

Korean grammar list for TOPIK_1:

이/가 [i/ga] (Subject markers)은/는 [eun/neun] (Topic markers)을/를 [eul/reul] (Object markers)아니다 [anida] (To not be)예요/이에요 [yeyo/ieyo] (Descriptive verb ending in present tense)아요/어요/여요 [ayo/eoyo/yeoyo] (Verb ending in present tense)고 [go] (And)하고 [hago] (And, with)(으)세요 [(eu)seyo] (Imperative form)(으)ㄹ 수 있다 [(eu)l su itda] (Can do)(으)려고 [(eu)ryeogo] (Intention to do)(으)ㄴ/는다 [(eu)n/neunda] (Informal statement endings)도 [do] (Too, also)만 [man] (Only)와/과 [wa/gwa] (And, with – for nouns)부터 [buteo] (From)까지 [kkaji] (Until, up to)아/어/여서 [a/eo/yeoseo] (Because, since)(으)면 [(eu)myeon] (If, when)너무 [neomu] (Too, very)많이 [manhi] (A lot)조금 [jogeum] (A little)다 [da] (All, entirely)(으)ㄴ/는데 [(eu)n/neunde] (But, however)아/어야 해요 [a/eoya haeyo] (Have to do)안 [an] (Negation before verb/adjective)못 [mot] (Can't, not able to)아/어/여 보다 [a/eo/yeo boda] (Try doing)지금 [jigeum] (Now)이미 [imi] (Already)아직 [ajik] (Yet, still)때 [ttae] (When, time)(으)려고 하다 [(eu)ryeogo hada] (Intend to do)처럼 [cheoreom] (Like, as)같이 [gachi] (Together)(이)랑 [(i)rang] (With)그런데 [geureonde] (However, but)그래서 [geuraeseo] (So, therefore)그리고 [geurigo] (And then)아/어/여 주다 [a/eo/yeo juda] (To do for someone)아/어/여 하다 [a/eo/yeo hada] (Do something)의 [ui] (Possessive marker)(으)로 [(eu)ro] (To, toward; as a tool/method)한테/에게 [hante/ege] (To someone)한테서/에서 [hanteseo/eseo] (From someone)보다 [boda] (More than)가장 [gajang] (The most)도 [do] (Even)이/그/저 [i/geu/jeo] (This, that, that over there)(이)나 [(i)na] (Or)밖에 [bakke] (Only, except)뿐 [ppun] (Only)는/은 것 [neun/eun geot] (The thing that, nominalizing)(으)ㄴ/는 것 같다 [(eu)n/neun geot gatda] (It seems like)(으)러 가다/오다 [(eu)reo gada/oda] (Go/come to do something)아/어/여도 [a/eo/yeodo] (Even if)계속 [gyesok] (Continue to)항상 [hangsang] (Always)(으)ㄹ 때 [(eu)l ttae] (When)아/어/여야 되다 [a/eo/yeoya doeda] (Must, have to)(으)면서 [(eu)myeonseo] (While, and)다가 [daga] (And then, but)아/어/여 보이다 [a/eo/yeo boida] (Looks, seems)아/어/여 버리다 [a/eo/yeo beorida] (Completely, regretfully)아/어/여 놓다 [a/eo/yeo nohda] (Leave something as is)아/어/여 지다 [a/eo/yeo jida] (Become)아/어/여 가지다 [a/eo/yeo gajida] (Have, possess)(으)ㄴ/는 편이다 [(eu)n/neun pyeonida] (Tend to)는/은 데 [neun/eun de] (Situation or condition)아/어/여야겠다 [a/eo/yeoya getda] (Should, must)아/어/여서는 안 되다 [a/eo/yeoseoneun an doeda] (Must not, shouldn't)아/어/여 주세요 [a/eo/yeo juseyo] (Please give/do for me)아/어/여 드리다 [a/eo/yeo deurida] (To give – honorific)다니다 [danida] (To attend, go regularly)아/어/여 가다 [a/eo/yeo gada] (Be going to do)아/어/여 오다 [a/eo/yeo oda] (Come to do)아/어/여 있다 [a/eo/yeo itda] (To be doing)아/어/여 보다 [a/eo/yeo boda] (Try to do)

Korean grammar list for TOPIK_2:

~게 되다 [ge doeda] (End up doing)~게 하다 [ge hada] (Make/let someone do)~고 싶다 [go sipda] (Want to do)~기 전에 [gi jeone] (Before doing)~기 때문에 [gi ttaemune] (Because of doing)~기로 하다 [giro hada] (Decide to do)~기 시작하다 [gi sijakhada] (Start to do)~기는 하다 [gineun hada] (Do something as a habit)~는 대로 [neun daero] (As it is)~는 바람에 [neun barame] (Because of)~는 데 [neun de] (But)~는지 모르다 [neunji moreuda] (Don't know if)~는지 알다 [neunji alda] (Know if)~마다 [mada] (Every)~부터 ~까지 [buteo ~ kkaji] (From ~ to ~)~아/어/여 보이다 [a/eo/yeo boida] (Seems, looks like)~아/어/여 주다 [a/eo/yeo juda] (Do for someone)~아/어/여야만 하다 [a/eo/yeoyaman hada] (Have to do)~아/어/여도 되다 [a/eo/yeodo doeda] (Is it okay to)~아/어/여서는 안 되다 [a/eo/yeoseoneun an doeda] (Must not)~아/어서 [a/eo-seo] (Because, So)~았/었으면 좋겠다 [at/eosseumyeon joketda] (I wish/hope)~어/아야 하다 [eo/ayahada] (Have to, should)~어/아도 [eo/ado] (Even if)~어/아 버리다 [eo/a beorida] (Regretfully, completely)~으면/면 [eumyeon/myeon] (If, when)~을/를 빼다 [eul/reul ppaeda] (Except for)~을/를 수 있다 [eul/reul su itda] (Can, possible)~을/를 통해 [eul/reul tonghae] (Through, via)~을까 [eulkka] (Shall we?)~을래 [eullae] (Want to)~을지라도 [euljirado] (Even if)~을지언정 [euljieonjeong] (Whether...or...)~이 되다 [i doeda] (Become)~이나 ~ [ina] (Either, or)~이라도 [irado] (At least)~이랑 [irang] (And, with)~이래 [irae] (Since)~이므로 [imyeo] (Because, so)~이어서 [ieoseo] (And then, so)~이지만 [ijiman] (But, however)~인/는데 [in/neunde] (But, so)~자 [ja] (Let’s)~자마자 [jamaja] (As soon as)~처럼 [cheoreom] (Like, as)~쯤 [jjeum] (Around, about)~지 않다 [ji anta] (Not)~지만 [jiman] (But)~지요/~죠 [jiyo/jyo] (Isn’t it?, right?)~하고 [hago] (And, with)~하기로 [hagiro] (Decide to)~하기는 [hagineun] (But)~하기보다 [hagiboda] (Rather than)~하나 [hana] (Questioning oneself)~하다가 [hadaga] (Doing and then)~하다가 말다 [hadaga malda] (Stop doing something)~하더라 [hadeora] (I observed, I remember)~하려고 [haryeogo] (In order to)~하여/해서 [hayeo/haeseo] (So, therefore)~한테/한테서 [hante/hanteseo] (To/From someone)~할 거예요 [hal geoyeyo] (Going to do)~할 만하다 [hal manhada] (Worth doing)~할 수록 [hal surok] (The more...)~할 줄 알다 [hal jul alda] (Know how to)~할지라도 [haljirado] (Even if)~할 텐데 [hal tende] (I thought/would have thought that..)~해야지 [haeyaji] (Decide to)~해도/해봐도 [haedo/haebwado] (Even if)~해보다 [haeboda] (Try to)~해주다 [haejuda] (Do for someone)~했더니 [haetdeoni] (When, and then)~했었다 [haesseotda] (Had done)~했으면 [haesseumyeon] (If it were)~했을 때 [haesseul ttae] (When someone did)~했을 텐데 [haesseul tende] (I think I did)~했지만 [haetjiman] (But, however)~혀/어/여 [hyeo/eo/yeo] (Because, so)~혀/어/여야 [hyeo/eo/yeoya] (Have to)~후에 [hue] (After)~(으)나 [(eu)na] (But, however)~(으)ㄹ까요? [(eu)lkka yo?] (Shall we?)~(으)ㄹ래요 [(eu)llae yo] (I will)~(으)면서 [(eu)myeonseo] (While)~(으)로 [(eu)ro] (Towards, by means of)~(으)로서 [(eu)roseo] (As)~(으)로써 [(eu)rosseo] (By, as)~(으)려고 하다 [(eu)ryeogo hada] (To try to)~(으)리라 [(eu)rira] (Probably)~(으)실 거예요 [(eu)sil geoyeyo] (You will probably)~(으)면 좋겠다 [(eu)myeon jokgetda] (It would be good if)~(으)면서도 [(eu)myeonseodo] (While, although)~(으)니까 [(eu)nikka] (Because, Since)~(으)다 보니 [(eu)da boni] (Seeing that, as)~(으)다가 [(eu)daga] (And then, but)~(으)던 [(eu)deon] (Who used to)~(으)려면 [(eu)ryeomyeon] (In order to)~(으)ㄹ 수록 [(eu)l surok] (The more)~(으)ㄴ/는 중 [(eu)n/neun jung] (In the middle of)~(으)ㄴ/는 탓에 [(eu)n/neun tase] (Because of)~(으)ㄴ/는데다가 [(eu)n/neundedaga] (Moreover, additionally)~(으)ㄴ/는데도 불구하고 [(eu)n/neundedo bulguhago] (Despite, in spite of)~(으)ㄴ/는지 모르겠다 [(eu)n/neunji moreugessda] (I'm not sure if)~(으)려는 참이다 [(eu)ryeoneun chamida] (I really want to)~(으)ㄹ 것 같다 [(eu)l geot gatda] (It seems like)~(으)ㄹ 것이다 [(eu)l geosida] (Will likely)~(으)ㄹ 뿐만 아니라 [(eu)l ppunman anira] (Not only... but also...)~(으)ㄹ 뿐이다 [(eu)l ppunida] (Only, just)~(으)ㄹ게요 [(eu)lgeyo] (I will, in the future)~(으)ㄹ게 [(eu)lge] (I will, in the future)~(으)ㄹ래 [(eu)llae] (I want to)~(으)ㄹ라고 [(eu)llago] (Intend to)~(으)ㄹ 테니까 [(eu)l tenikka] (Since I assume)~(으)ㄹ지라도 [(eu)ljirado] (Even if)~(으)면서도 [(eu)myeonseodo] (While, although)~(으)시면 [(eu)simyeon] (If you)~(으)시겠어요 [(eu)sigesseoyo] (You will probably)~(으)시다 [(eu)sida] (Let's)~(으)십시오 [(eu)sipsio] (Please)

Korean grammar list for TOPIK_3:

~(으)나마 [(eu)namah] (At least, even if only)~(으)니깐 [(eu)nikkan] (Because, so)~(으)려다가 [(eu)ryeodaga] (Was about to, tried to)~(으)리니 [(eu)rini] (Of course, as one would expect)~(으)면 할수록 [(eu)myeon halsurok] (The more... the more...)~(으)면서는 [(eu)myeonseoneun] (While, whereas)~(으)시거나 [(eu)sigeona] (Either... or... [honorific])~(으)시든지 [(eu)sideunji] (Whether... or... [honorific])~(으)ㄹ 데가 없다 [(eu)l dega eopda] (There's no way to...)~(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다 [(eu)l subakke eopda] (Have no choice but to)~(으)ㄹ지라도 [(eu)ljirado] (Even if)~(으)려나 [(eu)ryeona] (I wonder if...)~겠지만 [gesjiman] (I think, but)~게 되다 [ge dweda] (End up, come to)~게 하다 [ge hada] (Make/cause someone to do)~고 말다 [go malda] (End up)~고 말하다 [go malhada] (Say that...)~고 보면 [go bomyeon] (When you see/consider, upon closer look)~고서 [goseo] (After doing)~고자 [goja] (In order to)~기는 하다 [gineun hada] (Do something but...)~기로 하다 [giro hada] (Decide to)~기로 되다 [giro dweda] (It is decided/settled)~기 시작하다 [gi sijakhada] (Begin to)~기 전에 [gi jeone] (Before)~기 힘들다 [gi himdeulda] (It's hard to)~기를 [gireul] (In order to)~기만 하다 [giman hada] (Just)~기에는 [gieneun] (For, in order to)~나 보다 [na boda] (It seems, looks like)~나요? [nayo?] (Isn't it?, right?)~남짓 [namjit] (About, around)~는 대로 [neun daero] (As is, the way it is)~는 바와 같이 [neun bawa gachi] (Just like, as if)~는 편이다 [neun pyeonida] (Tend to)~는다는 것 [neundaneun geot] (The fact that)~는데 [neunde] (But, and, so)~는지 알다/모르다 [neunji alda/moreuda] (Know/don't know whether)~는지라 [neunjira] (Because, since)~다가 [daga] (While doing, was doing but)~다가는 [daganeun] (If continue doing)~다가도 [dagado] (Even though was doing)~다니 [dani] (Exclamation, surprise)~다면 [damyeon] (If it is the case that)~더라도 [deorado] (Even if)~더라구요 [deoraguyo] (It seemed, I noticed)~던 [deon] (That used to)~도록 [dorok] (So that, in order to)~도록 하다 [dorok hada] (Make sure, see to it that)~라든지 [radeunji] (Or, either)~라도 [rado] (Even if, at least)~라서 [raseo] (Because, so)~라야 하다 [rayahada] (Must, have to)~려고 [ryeogo] (Intending to, planning to)~려고 하다 [ryeogo hada] (Try to, plan to)~려는데 [ryeoneunde] (Trying to, want to, but)~리가 없다 [riga eopda] (There’s no way that)~리요 [riyo] (Likely, probably)~마다 [mada] (Every)~만 [man] (Only, just)~만 하다 [man hada] (Only, just)~만큼 [mankeum] (As much as, as many as)~며/면서 [myeo/myeonseo] (While)~면 [myeon] (If)~면 어때 [myeon eottae] (How about if)~면서도 [myeonseodo] (Even though, while)~밖에 [bakke] (Only, nothing but)~부터 [buteo] (From)~부터 ~까지 [buteo ~ kkaji] (From ~ to)~사이 [sai] (Between)~세요 [seyo] (Please do, let’s do)~아/어 보다 [a/eo boda] (Try)~아/어 버리다 [a/eo beorida] (Regrettably, completely)~아/어 다니다 [a/eo danida] (Keep doing, repeatedly do)~아/어 두다 [a/eo duda] (Leave something in a state)~아/어 놓다 [a/eo nohda] (Do in advance, set something up)~아/어야 되다/하다 [a/eoya dweda/hada] (Have to, must)~아/어지다 [a/eojida] (Become, get)~아서/어서 [aseo/eoseo] (So, because, and)~았/었다가 [at/eotdagga] (Did something and then another situation occurred)~았/었던 [at/eotdeon] (That used to be)~았/었으면 좋겠다 [at/eosseumyeon johgetda] (I hope, wish)~았/었지만 [at/eotjiman] (But, however, even though)~았/었지요 [at/eotjiyo] (Explanatory, as you know)~어야지 [eoyaji] (Intention, resolution)~었더라면 [eotdeoramyeon] (If it had been the case that)~에 [e] (At, on, in, to)~에 따라 [e ddara] (According to, depends on)~에 따르다 [e ddareuda] (To be attributed to, according to)~에 비해 [e bihae] (Compared to)~에게 [ege] (To someone, for someone)~에서 [eseo] (At, in)~에서부터 ~까지 [eseobuteo ~ kkaji] (From ~ to)~와/과 [wa/gwa] (And, with)~와/과 같다 [wa/gwa gatda] (Be the same as, like)~와/과 달리 [wa/gwa dalli] (Unlike, different from)~을/를 통해 [eul/reul tonghae] (Through, by means of)~이/가 되다 [i/ga dweda] (Become)~이/가 아니다 [i/ga anida] (Is not, are not)~이라도 [irado] (Even if, at least)~이래 [irae] (Since then)~이랑 [irang] (And, with)~이렇게 [ireohge] (Like this, in this way)~이므로 [imyeo] (Therefore, because)~이어서 [ieoseo] (And then, and so)~이었다 [ieotda] (Was, were)~이지만 [ijiman] (But, however)~인데 [inde] (But, and, so)~인데다 [indeda] (Moreover, besides)~인지 [inji] (Whether)~일 때 [il ttae] (When, while)~자 [ja] (Let's)~자마자 [jamaja] (As soon as)~장 [jang] (Counting unit for items)~저 [jeo] (That kind of)~전 [jeon] (Before)~적 [jeok] (Time, instance)~죠 [jyo] (~Isn't it?)~지 않다 [ji anta] (Negative form)~지 않아도 되다 [ji anado dweda] (Don't have to)지만 [jiman] (but)~지요 [jiyo] (Isn't it? Right?)~진 않지만 [jin anhjiman] (Not exactly, but)~쯤 [jjeum] (About, around)~처럼 [cheoreom] (Like, as)~층 [cheung] (Floor count)~카지 [kaji] (Perhaps, maybe)~켤 [kkeol] (Every, each)~테니까 [tenikka] (So, therefore)~편이다 [pyeonida] (It is preferable)~하다가 [hadaga] (Was doing something and then...)~하면 [hamyeon] (If, when)~하면서 [hamyeonseo] (While doing)~하기는 [hakineun] (Though, although)~하기로 하다 [hakiro hada] (Decide to)~하기보다 [hakiboda] (Rather than)~하기에 [hakie] (For, considering)~하기만 하면 [hakiman hamyeon] (As long as)~하는 것 같다 [haneun geot gatda] (It seems like)~하는 데 [haneun de] (In doing)~하는 편이다 [haneun pyeonida] (Tend to do)~하는 한 [haneun han] (As long as)~하는데 [haneunde] (But, and so)~하다 보면 [hada bomyeon] (If one keeps doing)~하다가는 [hadaganeun] (If continue doing)~하여 [hayeo] (~ing, and)~하여야 [hayeoya] (Must)~하였다 [hayeotda] (Past formal)~하자 [haja] (Upon doing, as soon as)~할 것이다 [hal geotida] (Will, shall)~할 때마다 [hal ttaemada] (Every time when)~할 만하다 [hal manhada] (Worth doing)~할 수 있다 [hal su itda] (Can do)~할 수 없다 [hal su eopda] (Cannot do)~할 줄 알다 [hal jul alda] (Know how to)~할지라도 [haljirado] (Even if)~할지언정 [haljieonjeong] (Whether ... or)~할 텐데 [hal tende] (Probably will)~함께 [hamkke] (Together with)~해 보다 [hae boda] (Try to do)~해 주다 [hae juda] (Do for someone)~해야겠다 [haeyagetda] (Should do)~해서는 안 되다 [haeseoneun an dweda] (Must not do)~해야 하다 [haeya hada] (Have to do)~했더니 [haetdeoni] (After doing)~했었다 [haesseotda] (Had done)~했으면 좋겠다 [haesseumyeon jotgetda] (I wish, I hope)~했을 때 [haesseul ttae] (When someone did)~했을 텐데 [haesseul tende] (Would have)~했지만 [haetjiman] (Did, but)~했다 [haetda] (Did, past tense)

Korean grammar list for TOPIK_4:

~거든요 [geondeunyo] (You see; Explaining)~게 되다 [ge dweda] (End up doing)~게 하다 [ge hada] (Make/let someone do)~게 해서는 안 되다 [ge haeseoneun an dweda] (Shouldn't make/let someone do)겠다 [getda] (will, guess, hope, wish)~고 말다 [go malda] (Ended up doing)~고 보니 [go boni] (After doing, I noticed)~고 싶다 [go sipda] (Want to)~고 있다 [go itda] (In the process of doing)~고자 하다 [goja hada] (In order to)~곤 하다 [gon hada] (Often do)~기도 하다 [gido hada] (Sometimes do)~기로 [giro] (Decided to)~기로 되다 [giro dweda] (It's decided to)~기로 하다 [giro hada] (Decide to)~기 시작하다 [gi sijakhada] (Begin to)~기 위해서 [gi wihaeseo] (In order to)~기는 [gineun] (But)~기에는 [gieneun] (For doing)~기 전에 [gi jeone] (Before doing)~나 보다 [na boda] (Seems like, guess)~나다 [nada] (End up doing, come to do)~나요? [nayo?] (Isn't it?)~는 대로 [neun daero] (As it is)~는 도중에 [neun dojunge] (While doing)~는 방향으로 [neun banghyangeuro] (Toward)~는 법이다 [neun beopida] (Usually, always)~는데다 [neundedda] (Furthermore, and)~는데도 [neundedo] (Even though, but still)~는지 [neunji] (Whether or not)~는지 모르겠다 [neunji moreugessda] (I'm not sure if)~는지라 [neunjira] (Because, since)~다가 [daga] (While, and then)~다가는 [daganeun] (If keep doing)~다가도 [dagado] (Even though was doing)~다는 것 [daneun geot] (The fact that)~다며 [damyeo] (Saying that)~대로 [daero] (According to, as)~대로 하다 [daero hada] (Do as instructed/said)~대로이면 [daeroimyeon] (If it's as ... said)~도록 [dorok] (So that)~도록 하다 [dorok hada] (Make/ensure that)~도록이면 [dorogimyeon] (If possible)~든지 [deunji] (Whether ... or)~든지 ~든지 [deunji deunji] (Either ... or)~라도 [rado] (At least, even if)~라든지 [radeunji] (Or something)~라면 [ramyeon] (If it's the case that)~라면서 [ramyeonseo] (While saying that)~려고 [ryeogo] (In order to)~려고 하다 [ryeogo hada] (Try to)~려는데 [ryeonde] (I'm planning to, I want to)~마다 [mada] (Every)~만큼 [mankeum] (As much as)~면 [myeon] (If, when)~면서 [myeonseo] (While)~밖에 [bakke] (Nothing but, only)~보다 [boda] (More than)~부터 [buteo] (From, starting from)~서는 [seoneun] (But in)~아/어 보이다 [a/eo boida] (Looks/seems like)~아/어 버리다 [a/eo beorida] (Completely do, unfortunately do)~아/어 두다 [a/eo duda] (Keep, leave)~아/어 가다 [a/eo gada] (Go on doing)~아/어 오다 [a/eo oda] (Come to do)~아/어야 하다 [a/eoya hada] (Have to, must)~아/어야지 [a/eoyaji] (I'm going to)~아/어도 [a/eodo] (Even if)~아/어서 [a/eoseo] (Because, so)~았/었던 [ass/eossdeon] (Was)~았/었어야 했다 [ass/eosseoya haessda] (Should have done)~았/었으면 [ass/eosseumyeon] (I wish it were)~았/었을 텐데 [ass/eosseul tende] (I assume it must have been)~았/었다가 [ass/eossdaga] (Was and then)~았/었다면 [ass/eossdamyeon] (If it had been)~으면 좋겠다 [eumyeon joketda] (I hope, it would be good if)~으면서도 [eumyeonseodo] (While, but still)~을/ㄹ 거예요 [eul/l geoyeyo] (Going to, will)~을/ㄹ게요 [eul/l geyo] (I will)~을/ㄹ게요 [eul/l geyo] (In order to)~을/ㄹ까요? [eul/l kkayo?] (Shall we?)~을/ㄹ 때 [eul/l ttae] (When)~을/ㄹ 듯하다 [eul/l deushada] (Seems like)~을/ㄹ 만하다 [eul/l manhada] (Worth doing)~을/ㄹ 수록 [eul/l surok] (The more)~을/ㄹ 줄 알다 [eul/l jul alda] (Know how to)~을/ㄹ지 [eul/lji] (Whether or not)~을/ㄹ지도 모르다 [eul/ljido moreuda] (Might)~을/ㄹ지라도 [eul/ljirado] (Even if)~을/ㄹ지 몰라 [eul/lji molla] (Maybe)~을래요 [eullaeyo] (Want to)~을리가 없다 [eulliga eopda] (It's unlikely that)~을수록 [eulsurok] (The more)~을지언정 [euljieonjeong] (Even though)~이나 [ina] (Or, whether)~이든 [ideun] (Either or)~이라도 [irado] (At least, even if)~이라는 것 [iraneun geot] (The thing called)~이라면 [iramyeon] (If it's the case that)~이래 [irae] (Like this, in this manner)~이랑 [irang] (And, with)~이러하다 [ireohada] (Like this)~이런/그런/저런 [ireon/geureon/jeoreon] (This kind of/That kind of/That kind over there)~이므로 [imuro] (Because, since)~이야 [iya] (Is, informal declaration)~이지만 [ijiman] (But, although)~이후 [ihu] (After, since)~인즉 [injeuk] (In other words, that is to say)~자 [ja] (Let's)~자마자 [jamaja] (As soon as)~전에/전까지 [jeone/jeonkkaji] (Before/by the time of)~정도 [jeongdo] (About, Approximately)~제 [je] (Although, even if)~조차 [jocha] (Even)~존재하다 [jonjaehada] (To exist)~줄 알다 [jul alda] (Thought that)~즉시 [jeukshi] (Immediately, at once)~지 않다 [ji anta] (Negative form)~지 않아도 되다 [ji anado dweda] (Do not have to)~지 않을까 [ji anheulkka] (Perhaps)~지만 [jimyeon] (But, however)~지요 [jiyo] (~right?, isn't it?)~진 않다 [jin anta] (Not really)~처럼 [cheoreom] (Like, as if)~쳐서 [chyeoseo] (So)~카이다 [kaida] (Seems like)~커녕 [keonyeong] (Let alone, far from)~케 되다 [ke dweda] (Become)~케 하다 [ke hada] (Make)~케하다 [kehada] (To make so that)~키가 크다/작다 [kiga keuda/jakda] (To be tall/short)~키로 [kiro] (By means of, with)~타다 [tada] (To take, ride)~테니까 [tenikka] (Because)~토록 [torok] (So that, to the extent that)~하게 되다 [hage dweda] (End up doing)~하고 있다 [hago itda] (Is doing)~하고 나서 [hago naseo] (After doing)~하고 싶다 [hago sipda] (Want to do)~하기로 하다 [hakiro hada] (Decide to do)~하기는 하다 [hakineun hada] (Do to some extent)~하기보다 [hakiboda] (Rather than doing)~하나 [hana] (But, however)~하면 할수록 [hamyeon halsurok] (The more... the more)

Korean grammar list for TOPIK_5:

~나마나 [namamana] (Because, since)~남짓 [namjit] (About, or so)~내내 [naenae] (Throughout, the whole time)~네요 [neyo] (Expressing surprise)~노릇이다 [noreusida] (Act as, function as)~느라고 [neurago] (Because, in order to)~는데다가 [neundedaga] (Moreover, furthermore)~는측에서 [neuncheugeseo](From the perspective of)~다가도 [dagado] (Even if, even though)~다니 [dani] (Expressing disbelief)~답게 [dapge] (As befitting, like)~대로 [daero] (As per, following)~던데 [deonde] (Used to, before)~도록 하다 [dorok hada] (Make sure that, ensure that)~라든지 ~라든지 [radenji radenji] (Either or)~려고 하다 [ryeogo hada] (Try to)~만이 아니다 [mani anida] (Not only)~마련이다 [maryeonida] (Bound to, tend to)~면서 [myeonseo] (While)~동안 [dongan] (During/While)~부터는 [buteoneun] (From now on, since)~서야 [seoya] (Only after)~소문에는 [somuneneun] (I heard that)~아/어 보이다 [a/eo boida] (To seem, appear)~아/어야지 [a/eoyaji] (I should, I better)~았/었다 치다 [at/eotda chida] (Let’s say, suppose)~았/었던 것 같다 [at/eotdeon geot gatda] (It seemed that)~았/었어야 했다 [at/eosseoya haetda] (Should have)~어/아 가다 [eo/a gada] (While doing)~어/아 갖다 [eo/a gatda] (To keep doing)~어/아 달라다 [eo/a dallada] (To ask to do)~어/아 다니다 [eo/a danida] (To keep doing)~어/아 두다 [eo/a duda] (To stop doing)~어/아 들다 [eo/a deulda] (Start to)~어/아 버리다 [eo/a beorida] (To end up doing, regrettably)~어/아 보다 [eo/a boda] (To try doing)~어/아 서다 [eo/a seoda] (After doing)~어/아 오다 [eo/a oda] (To come to do)~어/아지다 [eo/ajida] (Become)~었으면 좋겠다 [eosseumyeon jotgetda] (I wish it was/were)~에 한하다 [e hanhada] (Limited to)~에 한해서 [e hanhaeseo] (Only in, limited to)~에 힘쓰다 [e himsseuda] (Put effort into)~으나마나 [eunamana] (It's no use, to no avail)~으니/니까 [euni/nikka] (So, since, because)~을 바탕으로 [eul batangeuro] (Based on)~을 빼다 [eul ppaeda] (Except for)~을 사이 [eul sai] (Between)~을 테니 [eul teni] (I assume/bet)~을 통해 [eul tonghae] (Through, via)~을/를 틈타 [eul/reul teumta] (Taking advantage of, during)~이기는 한데 [igineun hande] (Although, but)~이나 [ina] (Or something)~이래 [irae] (Since then, like this)~이러하다 [ireohada] (Like this, such)~이리 [iri] (This way, like this)~이미 [imi] (Already)~인 바 [in ba] (Since, because it's the case that)~인 이상 [in isang] (As long as, since)~인즉슨 [injeuksseun] (Which means, in other words)~일 리가 없다 [il riga eopda] (Cannot be, it's not possible that)~일수록 [ilsulok] (The more ~, the more ~)~지 않을테니 [ji anheulteni] (Won't, wouldn't)~지만 [jimyeon] (But, although)~지 않다/지 못하다 [ji anhda/ji mothada] (Not, don't, can't)~지 얼마나 되다 [ji eolmana dweda] (How long has it been)~지요/죠 [jiyo/jyo] (Isn't it, right)~쯤 [jjeum] (About, around)~처럼 [cheoreom] (Like, as)~치고는 [chigoneun] (For, considering)~테니라고 [tenirago] (Since, because)~텐데 [tende] (Would, might)~토록 [torok] (So ~ that, to the extent)~하게 [hage] (Make, let)~하고나서 [hagonaseo] (After doing)~하고는 [hagoneun] (And then, after)~하구나 [haguna] (Oh, so it's)~하다가 [hadaga] (While doing, was doing)~하다못해 [hadamothae] (To the extent that)~하던 중에 [hadeon junge] (While I was doing)~하기는 [hagineun] (Although, but)~하기로 [hagiro] (Decide to)~하기에 [hagie] (For)~하려고 하다 [haryeogo hada] (Try to do)~하마다 [hamada] (Every time)~하면 할수록 [hamyeon halsurok] (The more ~, the more ~)~하면서 [hamyeonseo] (While doing)~하시겠습니까? [hasigesseubnikka?] (Would you?)~하자 [haja] (Let's, as soon as)~하여 [hayeo] (So, therefore)~하여야 [hayeoya] (Have to, should)~하자마자 [hajamaja] (As soon as)~하여서는 안 되다 [hayeoseoneun an doeda] (Must not)~하기보다 [hagiboda] (Rather than)~하기까지 [hagikkaji] (Even)~하기도 하다 [hagido hada] (Sometimes)~하나 [hana] (But, however)~하느라 [haneura] (Because, in order to)~하는 한 [haneun han] (As long as)~하는 김에 [haneun kime] (While at it)~하는 편이다 [haneun pyeonida] (Tend to)~하는 대로 [haneun daero] (As soon as)~하다 보면 [hada bomyeon] (If you keep doing)~하다 보니 [hada boni] (As I was doing)~하려는 뜻이다 [haryeoneun tteushida] (Intend to)~하면 ~하다 [hamyeon hada] (If ~ then)~할 만하다 [hal manhada] (Worth to)~할 바에 [hal bae] (Rather than)~할 리가 없다 [hal riga eopda] (There's no way that)~할 때마다 [hal ttaemada] (Every time when)~할 힘이 없다 [hal himi eopda] (Don't have the strength/energy to)~할 것 같다 [hal geot gatda] (Seems like, feels like)~할 것이다 [hal geosida] (Will)~할 줄 알다 [hal jul alda] (Know how to)~할지라도 [haljirado] (Even if)~할지언정 [haljieonjeong] (Regardless of whether)~함에 있어 [hame isseo] (In terms of)~해 보이다 [hae boida] (Look/seem to be)

Korean grammar list for TOPIK_6:

~게다가 [gedaga] (Moreover, besides)~거니와 [geoniwa] (And, besides)~것 마는 [geot maneun] (But)~과/와 같이 [gwa/wa gachi] (Like, as if)~나마저 [namajeo] (Even)~뿐만 아니라 [ppunman anira] (Not only... but also)~더니만 [deoniman] (After, and then)~이든지 ~든지 [ideunji deunji] (Whether… or)~임에 틀림없다 [ime tteollimeopda] (Without a doubt)~쩌면 [jjeomyeon] (Maybe, perhaps)~치고는 [chigoneun] (For, considering)~커녕 [keonyeong] (Far from, let alone)~판에 [pane] (In the midst of)~하건마는 [hageonmaneun] (But, however)~하더라도 [hadeorado] (Even if)~하든지 말든지 [hadeunji maldeunji] (Whether... or not)~하려니와 [haryeoniwa] (Trying to, but)~하여간 [hayaegane] (Anyway, anyhow)~하여야만 [hayeoyaman] (Only when)~해야겠다 [haeyagetda] (Should, ought to)~에 근거하여 [e geungeohayeo] (Based on)~에 비추어 볼 때 [e bichueo bol ttae] (In comparison to)~이다 보니 [ida boni] (Since, as)~이라면 그것은 [iramyeon geugeoseun] (If it’s called)~이래 [irae] (Since then, after)~이야말로 [iyamallo] (Truly, really)~인 까닭에 [in kkadake] (Because, the reason why)~인 즉 [in jeuk] (In other words)~처럼 하다 [cheoreom hada] (To act as if, pretend to)~커지다 [keojida] (Become bigger, more important)~키로 하다 [kiro hada] (Intend to, plan to)~하기에는 [hagineun] (Considering)~하기는 하다 [hagineun hada] (Do it somehow)~하기야 [hagiya] (Indeed, truly)~하기만 하면 [hakiman hamyeon] (As soon as)~하면서도 [hamyeonseodo] (While, although)~하면 할수록 [hamyeon halsurok] (The more... the more)~하자마자 [hajamaja] (As soon as)~하여 그런지 [hayeo geureonji] (Perhaps because)~하여서는 안 되다 [hayeoseoneun an dweda] (Must not)~한테는 [hanteneun] (To, for someone)~할 만하다 [hal manhada] (Worth doing)~할 수밖에 없다 [hal subakke eopda] (Have no choice but to)~해 갈수록 [hae galsurok] (Increasingly, as time goes on)~해 보아야 [hae boaya] (Should try and see)~해오다 [haeoda] (Continue doing something until now)~했건만 [haetgeonman] (But, however)~했기 때문에 [haetgi ttaemune] (Because)~했기에 [haetgie] (Because)~했더니 [haetdeoni] (And then)~했어야 했다 [haesseoya haetda] (Had to)~혹은 [hogeun] (Or)후에야 [hueya] (Only after)~흔히 [heunhi] (Commonly, often)~이/히다 [i/hida] (To become)~잖다 [janda] (You know, isn't it)~져/지다 [jyeo/jida] (Become)~졌다가 [jyeotdaga] (Was once, but)~즉 [jeuk] (That is to say, namely)~지 않을까 싶다 [ji anheulkka sipda] (I think perhaps)~지 않을까 하다 [ji anheulkka hada] (I guess, I suspect)~지 않을래 [ji anheullae] (I don't want to)~지요 [jyo] (~지, right?)~진행하다 [jinhaenghada] (To proceed)~차라리 [charari] (Rather, instead)~처럼만 [cheoreomman] (Just like, as if)~케 하다 [ke hada] (To make)~타다 [tada] (To take, ride)~하게 하다 [hage hada] (Make someone do)~하여야만 [hayeoyaman] (Only by doing)~해서는 안 되다 [haeseoneun an dwae] (Must not, shouldn't)~해서야 [haeseoya] (In order to)~해야겠다 [haeyagetta] (Should, must, have to)~해야지 [haeyaji] (I should)~했더니 [haetdeoni] (After doing something, result)~했었는데 [haesseotneunde] (Had done but)~했을 텐데 [haesseultende] (Would have done but)~혹시 [hoksi] (By any chance)~힘들다 [himdeulda] (It's hard to)~간이다 [ganida] (Used to express that someone does something while doing another action)~나다 [nada] (Come out, start to)~남다 [namda] (To remain, be left over)~네요 [neyo] (Express surprise)~다고 [dago] (Saying that)~다는 [daneun] (The fact that)~다면서요 [damyeonseyo] (Said that)~던데 [deonde] (Used to)~던지 [deonji] (Whether)~도록 하다 [dorok hada] (To try to, to make sure to)~든지 [deunji] (Whether or)~라는 것이다 [raneun geosida] (It means that)~라도 [rado] (At least, even if)~러 [reo] (In order to)~려고 하다 [ryeogo hada] (Try to)~려는 [ryeoneun] (Intending to)~로써 [rossyeo] (By means of)~를 바탕으로 [reul batageuro] (Based on)~를 통해 [reul tonghae] (Through, by means of)~만큼 [mankeum] (As much as)~마저 [majeo] (Even)~못하다 [mothada] (Cannot)~바라다 [barada] (Hope to)~밖에 [bakke] (Only, nothing but)~본 [bon] (Having experienced)~부터가 [buteoga] (Starting from)~뿐이다 [ppunida] (Only, just)~사이에서 [saieseo] (Between)~서야 [seoya] (Only after)~소서 [soseo] (Polite way to apologize for an action)~않게 [anhge] (So as not to)~아/어 버리다 [a/eo beorida] (To completely)~아/어 놓다 [a/eo notda] (To have done something in advance)~아/어 달라다 [a/eo dallada] (To ask for)~아/어 대다 [a/eo daeda] (To do aimlessly)~아/어 보이다 [a/eo boida] (To seem, appear)~아/어 서는 [a/eo seoneun] (Although)~아/어야만 [a/eoyaman] (Only if/when)~아/어지다 [a/eojida] (To become)~았/었 던 [at/eot deon] (Past descriptive)~았/었으면 좋겠다 [at/eosseumyeon jokgetda] (Wish something had happened)
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